Fabric of Indian Sarees

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Indian sarees are known for their fine fabric and quality designs. A wide range of fabrics are used to create the attire. Fabrics used to design sarees differ from one region to other in India. The variety of fabrics for saree makes it exclusive clothing for women in the country. Cotton and silk are two common fabrics of saree. Variant designs of the attire are also dependent on the material. Artisans employ all their skills to come up with the unique clothing.


Sarees of the West India include patola, block-printing, ikat and tie-dye designs. Additionally, the quality muslins known as 'masuria malmal' is beautifully woven in yarn dyed threads with variant colors for weft and warp for a unique look. Kota is known as the hub for creating muslin silk sarees. These days most of the artisans use transparent muslins to design sarees with the mixer of silk and cotton threads. Artisans of north India use mulberry silk, cotton and wool to create sarees.

Satin weave gajji silk is used in Gujarat to design bridal saree. Georgette and chiffon are other two main fabrics of this clothing. The traditional Indian clothing is exclusively created by keeping in mind the specific materials. Kota Muslin in the main fabric of sarees in Rajasthan and some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Silk, cotton or synthetic threads are also widely used for the production of sarees.

The East India is the main center of natural fabrics such as wild silk, mulberry silk and cotton. Fibers are included in the fabric to give an extensive look. Jamdani muslins of 19th century were well-known for providing unique touch and feel to sarees. Royal women of ancient India used to adorn a wide range of muslins made sarees to show their high status. Other types of muslins are also used to creating sarees include deshi muslin which consists of woven fabric. Tangail jamdani saree is made of silk.