Traditional Sarees of East India


Sarees of Eastern India comprise a deep cultural background as the region has great culture and rich in tradition. Apparels of this region are known for their distinguish styles and patterns with a wide variety. Sarees have always been an integral women’s clothing of East India because of its woven intricate designs. The three main fabrics used for weaving the sarees of this region include wild silk, mulberry silk and cotton. Texture is obtained from supplementary-weft and -warp weaving with the stunning threads woven in complementary and contrasting colours.

Different types of weaving techniques are employed to design sarees in East India. Inlaid works are used to design through weft and warp weaving. Additionally, interlocked weft weaving is also very popular for saree border. Banarasi and Bengali sarees are made through interlocked weft. Traditional sarees of East India display distinguish palettes depending on the diverse colours of row materials. In ancient times, wild silks were hardly dyed for producing sarees. Similarly, various costly Jamdani muslins of 19th century were made with golden color. Its extensive use can also be seen in muga silk of Assam. These threads used to produce beautiful designs of contrasting monochromatic in blue, black and red colours.

Mill printed fabric and mill woven wears became very popular in the latter half of the 20th century. They were became extensively used to design beautiful outfits throughout India. The fine silk sarees with white muslins have also been worn a lot by women. Decorated borders beautify these attires that can be worn on special occasions. Bengali muslins are the combination of the traditional of Bangladesh and West Bengal. Handloom weavers also produce semi-transparent sarees with rich thread counts. Many sarees of East India include unbleached and white cotton with a short end piece and a narrow border, beautifully woven with stripes of yarn dyed threads. The weaving hubs are Dhaniyakhali and Shantipur in West Bengal and Dhaka, Demra, Pabna, Bajitpur and Tangail in Bangladesh.

Tangail sarees are commonly worn by women in the Eastern India. These sarees are different with their extensive appearance and patterns. These sarees have unique appearance. Tangail sarees have been worn since ancient times in East India. Bengali silks sarees are also known throughout East India. These are worn a lot by women during Durga Puja, the 9 days long festive season in Bengal.

Other Popular Sarees of East India Include:
  • Baluchar saree
  • Gota Saree
  • Tussar silk saree
  • Khadi sarees
  • Garod sarees
  • Baluchari saree
  • Sambalpuri saree
  • Bomkai saree
  • Jamdani saree
  • Muga saree