Development of Indian Clothing


Development of Indian clothing consists of steady but stiff evolution from traditional styles to modern fashions. Modern trends in India are inspired by Western attires. Numerous variations can be seen in costumes of India changing among various sections of India as per the region, culture and climate of specific village, states, areas and districts of the country. Several types of Indian costumes have been developed since ancient times that belong to a long back to Indus Valley.

Indian costumes dated back to ancient Mohenjodaro and Harappa civilisations. Those were the initial periods when the fabric of cotton was woven and spun. Rock paintings found in Ellora Caves, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India and available in other places demonstrate the popularity of saree and dhoti. They are standard garments worn by local Indians on a day-today life. Upper caste people like to wear muslin attires with beautiful gold ornaments.

Silk fibres belong to Harappan Age showing the existence of silk production. In ancient times, people in India used to wear unstitched clothing, which was usually a 3-piece in the regime of the Guptas and the Mauryas. Beautiful costumes were eye-catching. Antariya was designed of white cloth and muslin attached to the waist with the help of a sash known as kayabandh. To drape the upper part of body, a scarf known as uttariya was worn.

Different types of weaving processes were employed in India and many of them still followed. Well-known weaving patterns and styles were Ilkal saree, kasika vastra of Varanasi, butidar and Jamdani. During the Mughal Empire many Persian designs were acquired by Indians. They comprise brocades of silk interwoven with gold and silver threads.