Jewelry of Rajasthan for Women


Jewelry plays an essential role in the lifestyle of women in Rajasthan. Rajasthani jewelries can be seen in everyday ornamentation as well and mark to show their status. Traditional jewelries are widely worn as they are status of individuals and adorned in the entire body of women from head to toe. Beautiful looking jewelries are exclusive and form a great presence of locals. Ornaments for forehead have a long tradition in Rajasthan. The bor is commonly positioned at the centre of the forehead, or it is the sir-maang worn in the parting hair, or placed in a headband shape such as mathapatti.

The rakhdi or bor, and also called as borla or ghundi worn in the middle of the forehead. It is designed of either silver or gold commonly in spherical shape. Designs are commonly made on the surface through the granulation process. Its back and sides are provisions for adding up other ornaments. At time bor is made of a mixture of golf metal and lac. A tiny tube is added to the front of sphere.
Colorful beads are also threaded front of the ornament. An excellent chain is known as tidibalka worn just below the bor making a semi-circular fame. Bor is an important mark of marriage which is worn by women only after their marriage. The ornament known as bur sees immense disparity around different communities. While in Osval, Maheshvari and Rajput communities, the ornament is designed of gold, other communities use silver to make it.

Meghval women adorn themselves with beads or small amount of silver globe made bor. Women in Bhil community wear silver bor which usually comprises chain and jabia attached. There are some bor with metal chains known as dora joining both sides that run at the back the ear and tightly behind the head. Jhela has a number of chains supporting the load of car ornament known as jhumka. There are 2 jhelas commonly put on the head passing tin central rod of every earring that meets the bore in middle of the forehead.
Rajasthani Bor
Moro, damini and sankli are other names of bor, which are used to call by some Rajasthani communities. The pan is put on at the back of the dora lying straight on the head. Its strings move from the back side of the ears and tie at the bottom of the head. Fan is designed of little hear shaped cutouts, tangled with several chains. Mathapatti is a beautiful headband that is commonly furnished of gold. The headband is a famous ornament which is worn in various communities of Rajasthan. It begins at one ear and remains to the other ear, hence remain on the hairline. The ornament can have a sirmaang or tika attached to it, making it a complex hear ornament. Commonly earrings are known as karn-phul. The mixture of karnphul, tika and mathapatti is called as the phul-jhiimka-bind-suda.

Seldi is worn at the corner of braid and it is a famous hair ornament. It is made of silver of gold with a conical shape with small bells movies from its bottom. The shishphul is also known as a head flower. It is made of pure gold and comprises 3 flat floral pendants connecting chains with small size of pendants in the middle. The beautiful ornament is used adjacent to the pan. Sirmaang it put in maang or parting hair. It has a single chain set with expensive and vibrant stones. A heart like pendant or circular one is unique type of tika. Tika is also called as tolda and worn in the middle of forehead. The beautiful ornament is of aristocratic or royal birth women.

Ear ornaments are also very popular among women in Rajasthan. They look pleasant and attractive. But ear ornaments are more than adornment for Rajasthani women. Ornaments also offer the advantage of acupressure. A wide variety of shape, design and proficiency are considered. One of the most popular earnings with shape of 5- petalled flower made of precious stones and pearls. Bedla can be either long or circular is worn on the higher part of the ear. Married women wear 2 or 3 bedla together. Bedla include small size of curved wired. They also have heart shape ends.
Rajasthani Jhumri
Jhumri, jhumar or jhumka are very famous Rajasthani ear ornaments. All these earning are bell-shaped, made in silver and gold. Mahajan and Rajput women wear gold jhumka that can weigh up to 50 grams. Women of other communities wear silver jhumka. Precious stones decorated jhumka is known as jadau. The popular jhumka has many popular traditional and Bollywood songs as well in its name. There are a wide range of jhumkas available throughout Rajasthan to choose from. So women have many choices to wear beautiful ear ornaments.

A number of earrings are available in various designs. Some of the pieces are inspired by the nature such as kamphul. Kamphul is beautifully shaped such as 5-petalled flower. All of them are embedded with semi-precious and precious stones. An ear ornament that depicts the nature i.e. lathan, shaped in a way of a cluster of grapes. Ear ornaments are not only attractive but show a great representation of individuals. Kudka is made of brass and mainly worn by Sindhi and Meghvai women. The earring comprises 2 types of semi- spherical parts of diverse sizes. The middle of every ornament is usually set with stone.

Another popular earring for women in Rajasthan is Kundal which is circlet with precious stones. It is mostly worn by Rajasthani Muslim women. Other earrings are also worn by women of Muslim communities in Rajasthan. They are circular hoops beautifully embedded with red and green stones. Such rings are worn on different areas of the ear. As per your choice, you can make a hole in your ear and wear such rings. The panda is worn in the middle of the ear. There are 3 pieces at the top known as jhalar.

Another earring namely bala is worn in the middle fold of ear and murki is commonly worn by men and women. Murki is worn in the centre of the torso. The middle fold of the ear is called as nasbi. The small size of gold ring is worn in the middle of ear. People in Rajasthan believe that whosoever wears murki directly goes to the heaven. Toti-Durgala has a flat curved piece of gold or silver, beautifully shaped such as a parrot. There is a middle projection with green and red parrots.

All its edges have small size of triangular protrusions. There is a thick rod as well at the back through its hole in dilated or ear lobe to grip its size properly. Both single and married women wear toti-durgala in most Rajasthani communities. The common visible and symbolic ornament to show a community is used to beautify the nose. There are 3 types of nose ornaments such as studs, septum and usual rings. The ring is worn by a female in her marriage as a marital status. This shows the honor of a woman. Rose ring represents the moon and the sun in Rajasthan. The big ring signifies the sun and the hemispherical moon is shown under the nose. Under part comprises white stones and the upper part has red stones.