Traditional Costumes of Jammu and Kashmir for Men and Women


Clothing of Jammu and Kashmir shows the tradition of and culture of the state as per the existing weather conditions. These costumes have exceptional embroidery works. The weather of this state mostly remains cool and chilly so its influence can be seen among costumes as well. The historic of this region also states that it was influenced by Aryan descendants and planned with a number of civilizations such as popular Persians, Romans and Greeks. These cultural attributes reflect in the attires of inhabitants. Most of the costumes are made of cotton, silk and wool. Moreover, complicated embroideries are used to design the clothing. Pheran is the most famous dress both for men and women. It demonstrates plenty of embroideries.

Costumes of Men in Jammu and Kashmir 

Pheran is popular among men in Jammu and Kashmir. Hindu put on churidar with Pheran while Muslims wear salwar. Pheran uses Kangri, which is a type of eastern vessel. It certainly looks amazing on men and they float themselves in different colors of Pheran.

There is a well-known Khan-outfit as well i.e. Pathani suit, particularly worn in Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Muslim men also wear turban and skull caps are widespread. Pashmina shawl is a symbol of royalty, which is made from woolen textiles acquired from goat. On both the sides of Pashmina shawl, you can see intricate work. Kasida is unique embroidery of Kashmir used while designing this shawl.

Costumes of Women in Jammu and Kashmir 

Similar like men, Pheran is the most common outfit among women. It comprises 2 robes placed at the top of with each other. It is worn by females in Zari embroidery. Pheran is worn especially by the Muslim women that characteristic their tradition and culture with the wide sleeves that get to the knees. But the Hindu women wear long Pheran. It is wrapped by a cloth known as Lungi. Taranga is a common headdress for Hindu women and an essential part of the marriage.

Pheran is put on by a red color headgear called as Kasaba. It is attached like a turban and joined by the silver brooches and ornaments.

Women’s Accessories in Kashmir 

The different patterns of costumes are adorned by using different accessories. Bangles, anklets and earrings are commonly worn by women. Silver jewellery is most popular among Kahmiri women. They also wear heavy and decorated bejeweled chains, bracelets and neckpieces. Golden or Dejharoos pendants are usually worn by the women in Hindu community. Mostly married women (Kashmiri Pandit) adorn this accessory.

Costumes of Dogras 

Dogras are ethnic tribes living in Jammu. Women of this community put on tunics and pajamas with a decorated head-dress. Fitted kurtas and pajamas are worn by men of this tribe. Elderly wear turban and kamarbands.

Costumes of Gujjars

Gujjars is the 2nd largest tribes in Kashmir. Most of the people of this community are shepherds. Women dress themselves in tunics coupled with loose-fitting salwars. They also wear headgear.

Ladakh’s Costumes 

People living in Ladakh decorate themselves with special outfits. Kuntops are worn by women, which is attached by Bok, a dazzlingly shawl that is useful in carrying children and packages. Men put on Goucha, a woolen robe designed of sheep skin. There is a dazzling sash known as Skerag worn over the waist.